The traditional extraction of oil and gas involve large amounts of water usage and the water is contaminated from contact with hydrocarbons, drilling fluids and other contaminants naturally present in the substrate. This contaminated water is known as produced water. If treated properly produced water can be used for livestock watering, aquifer storage, irrigation, steam-flow augmentation, municipal and industrial uses.
Fracking uses pressurized water, chemicals, and sand to extract shale oil and natural gas from deep underground resulting in produced water that needs treatment prior to reintegration into the watershed. A Clean-Flo International aeration system can restore water to approved regulation levels for gas & oil companies.